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Going Green

Going Green introduction

The car market is changing and there is a big focus on going green. All the main manufacturers are bringing out new models and Electric Vehicles (EV) are becoming a big part of that. VW are hoping to sell 2 -3 million Electric cars by 2025, Volvo are aiming for 1m cars by 2025.

With so much choice, what are the options. Hopefully we can help answer some of these questions simply and quickly without having to read through masses of documents and different websites.

It's a quick growing industry and we are all learning so feedback on your experiences with EV’s and Hybrids is welcome, as this will help others make informed decisions.

Petrol and Diesel EURO6

Diesel and petrol aren’t dead just yet and won't be for quite a few years. In fact, both are cleaner now than ever. Manufacturers have been driving down the emissions significantly over the past years.

  • Nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions down 84% since 2000
  • Particulate matter (PM) reduced to virtually zero
  • Carbon monoxide (CO) emissions at very low levels
  • Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions significantly reduced

EURO6
All new engines are now EURO6 compliant and currently meet all low congestion zone area requirements. 
The Euro 6 standard was introduced in September 2014 and became mandatory in September 2015, and all mass-produced cars and smaller vans sold from this date need to meet these emissions requirements.
Larger vans became mandatory from 1 September 2016.

Euro 6 is the sixth incarnation of the European Union directive to reduce harmful pollutants from vehicle exhausts.

Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure
With the introduction of WLTP and RDE the drive to reduce emissions hasn’t stopped.
WLTP stands for Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure. These are tests to determine the car's fuel, CO2, pollution and energy consumption values. This replaces the old NEDC (New European driving cycle) tests which were introduced in the 1980s and were based on theoretical driving (in a lab).

Real Driving emissions

Real Driving emissions RDE testing was introduced in 2017.  This is the test that can be used by vehicle manufacturers to test the emissions a car produces under real driving conditions (e.g. not in a laboratory).
This is increasing with RDE2 as of January 2021

The maximum figure for NOx is 0.080 g/km during laboratory testing.

RDE allows cars to emit 2.1 times the amount of NOx during RDE testing.
RDE2 will drop this to 1.5 times the amount of NOx during testing and this becomes mandatory for all cars on sale by January 2021.

  • September 2017 - WLTP came into force. Currently a mix of old NEDC test and new WLTP tested cars in the system.
  • September 2018 - All new cars must be tested to WLTP.
  • January 2019 - All new cars to have WLTP-CO2 values only.
  • January 2021 all cars will have to meet RDE2 Real Driving Emissions Step 2 regulations.

Going Green the options

The government want to eradicate all fossil fuel by 2050 and are encouraging people to drive more Ultra-Low Emission Vehicles.
So what is an ultra low emission vehicle? An Ultra-Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV) is a low emission car or van that emits 75g/km CO2 or less, based on the NEDC test.
ULEVs include:

  • Pure electric vehicles
  • Electric range-extender vehicles
  • Plug-in hybrids (PHEVs)
  • Hydrogen vehicles

So what does all this mean. Here's a explanation of each type in an easy to understand guide.

  • BEV - Battery Electric Vehicle   
  • No combustion engine
  • Rely on battery and electric powertrain to drive the vehicle
  • 0 emissions
  • REX - Range Extended EV’s   
  • Range-extended EVs are plug-in hybrids with a particular configuration
  • They have a small engine which acts as an on-board generator to top up the battery’s charge
  • Only the electric motors drive the wheels
  • Very low emissions >50g/km
  • HEV - Hybrid in Electric Vehicle  
  • Combustion engine with assistance from electric powertrain
  • Can run on battery power for short distances, typically 1m
  • Mid emissions, depending on engine size, but generally no better than diesel equivalent
  • MHEV - Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle (hybrid assist vehicles)  
  • Have a petrol or diesel internal combustion engine equipped with an electric motor
  • Allows the engine to be turned off as the car is coasting or braking
  • The motor can be used to provide assistance to the engine
  • Reducing fuel consumption and CO2 emissions
  • PHEV - Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle   
  • Electric powertrain together with a combustion engine
  • Can run on battery, or engine, or both
  • Will typically do 20-40 miles on battery power
  • Battery can be charged up overnight, at home or at a charging station
  • Low emissions >50g/km
  • If driving long distances then reliant on petrol or diesel engine for most of the journey
  • FCEV - Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles or better know as Hydrogen   
  • Hydrogen fuel cells to generate power. Hydrogen is stored in an on-board fuel tank.  Hydrogen is combined with oxygen in the fuel cell. Only outputs are electricity, heat and water
  • 0 emissions

Grants

Currently to Government are offing grants to both cars and commercial vehicles that meet certain criteria
These are:
CARS:
Grant amount £3500
Eligibility. Sub 50g/km >70 miles with 0 emissions.
35% grant to max £3500

VANS:
Grant amount £8000
Eligibility: Sub 75g/km >10 miles with 0 emissions.
20% Grant to max £8000

Charging your electric car

Home charging
You can charge your car using a domestic 3pin plug. This will take a lot longer to charge.
You can receive a grant to install a charger at home and work.

The government are currently providing a grant towards you installing a charging point at home.

You can choose from 3 charging types.

  • 3.6 kW    1.6x faster (cost approx. £279).  Typical 1 hr charge will take you 15 miles
  • 7 kW        3 x faster (cost approx. £359). Typical 1 hr charge will take you 30 miles
  • 22 kW*   10x faster (cost approx. £999). Typical 1 hr charge will take you 90 miles

* Requires 3 phase supply.
Prices above include a £500 government grant.

Charging on the move.
There are a number of different operators, that you can sign up to, to charge your car at the roadside or service station. You will need to download their app to use their charging stations. You will also need different leads for different stations.
The charging stations at the roadside tend to be bigger.
Typically they are 45-50kW.  A 30 min charge will give you up to 90 miles
We are starting to see 150kW stations (still very rare) and on a 30 min charge they will typically give you up to 200 miles

There are also a several maps and websites that can help locate where all the charging points are and which type they are.

Looking to Go Green?

Here are some of our green cars for you to view or please call on 01242 500255 and we can help with all the above.

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